The operational modality of SAWEN consists of a General Assembly as an apex body of SAWEN comprising minister of the concerned ministry or his/her senior level government delegate, principal focal person of the SAWEN member countries, and one representative from each of the associate members and international/partner members.
Executive Committee (EC) consists of all principal focal persons of the member countries. The secretary of the concerned ministry of the incumbent SAWEN Chairperson shall be the Chair of the EC. SAWEN Secretariat will be headed by Secretary General to perform day to day activities with the help of support staff. Each member countries appoint three focal persons from wildlife law enforcement agencies who will work as focal point of that country headed by principal focal person.